CentOS 7服务器下用命令行安装VMware workstation pro 15,并安装系统的简单教程

服务器

2018-10-14

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一、安装环境

      CentOS 7

二、安装VMware

     到官方网站下载VMware workstation pro 15
    下面是几个可用的Key
      

YG5H2-ANZ0H-M8ERY-TXZZZ-YKRV8
UG5J2-0ME12-M89WY-NPWXX-WQH88
UA5DR-2ZD4H-089FY-6YQ5T-YPRX6
GA590-86Y05-4806Y-X4PEE-ZV8E0
ZF582-0NW5N-H8D2P-0XZEE-Z22VA
YA18K-0WY8P-H85DY-L4NZG-X7RAD

   下载完成后执行下面命令安装
   

./VMware-Workstation-Full-15.0.0-10134415.x86_64.bundle --console --eulas-agreed --required -s vmware-workstation serialNumber YG5H2-ANZ0H-M8ERY-TXZZZ-YKRV8

   安装成功后会自动启动,启动的进程有如下列表,

[root@localhost local]# ps -aux|grep vmware
root      3104  0.0  0.0  24440  1732 ?        Ss   23:07   0:00 /usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator
root      3468  2.8  1.6 1314140 63868 ?       Sl   23:08   0:02 /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-hostd -a /etc/vmware/hostd/config.xml
root      3733  0.0  0.0 104212  1176 ?        Ssl  23:09   0:00 /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmblock-fuse -o subtype=vmware-vmblock,default_permissions,allow_other /var/run/vmblock-fuse
root      3795  0.0  0.1  21208  5636 ?        Ss   23:09   0:00 /usr/bin/vmnet-dhcpd -s 6 -cf /etc/vmware/vmnet1/dhcpd/dhcpd.conf -lf /etc/vmware/vmnet1/dhcpd/dhcpd.leases -pf /var/run/vmnet-dhcpd-vmnet1.pid vmnet1
root      3798  0.0  0.0  13948  1376 ?        S    23:09   0:00 /usr/bin/vmnet-natd -s 6 -m /etc/vmware/vmnet8/nat.mac -c /etc/vmware/vmnet8/nat/nat.conf
root      3806  0.0  0.1  21208  5636 ?        Ss   23:09   0:00 /usr/bin/vmnet-dhcpd -s 6 -cf /etc/vmware/vmnet8/dhcpd/dhcpd.conf -lf /etc/vmware/vmnet8/dhcpd/dhcpd.leases -pf /var/run/vmnet-dhcpd-vmnet8.pid vmnet8
root      3821  0.0  0.0  16780   856 ?        Ss   23:09   0:00 /usr/sbin/vmware-authdlauncher

如果CentOS系统重启后,VMware无法连接网络,在虚拟机的设置network adapter中一直显示“正在加载虚拟网络”,则有可能是vmnet-dhcpd和vmnet-natd服务没有启动,请手动启动即可。

三、在VMware中安装系统

      因为VMware是在服务器版本CentOS 7中安装的,所以这里安装系统需要通过远程来完成,我们可以通过windows中安装VMware来远程安装系统,打开windows中的VMware,如下图所示:

 

在“主页”中选择“连接远程服务器”,在弹出框中输入CentOS7服务器的ip、用户名和密码然后点击连接,连接上后会在左边栏显示,接下来就可以正常安装系统了,如下图:

 

注:如果连接失败请关闭防火墙,命令如下:

systemctl stop firewalld

安装系统过程这里就不介绍了,不知道的请自行搜索

四、常用命令 

# vmrun -T ws start "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" nogui  #启动无图形界面虚拟机  (-T是区分宿主机的类型,ws|server|server1|fusion|esx|vc|player,可能比较常用的是ws、esx和player,不过没有加-T在Workstation也能正常运行,
 可能esx和server就需要了)
# vmrun start "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" gui启动带图形界面虚拟机
# vmrun stop "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" hard | soft强制关闭虚拟机(相当于直接关电源) | 正常关闭虚拟机
# vmrun reset "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" hard | soft冷重启虚拟机 | 热重启虚拟机
# vmrun suspend  "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" hard | soft挂起虚拟机(可能相当于休眠)
# vmrun pause  "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx"暂停虚拟机
# vmrun unpause  "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx"停止暂停虚拟机    
# vmrun list 列出正在运行的虚拟机
# ps aux | grep vmx 另一种查看正在运行虚拟机的方法
# vmrun -T ws snapshot "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" snapshotName创建一个快照
# vmrun -T ws reverToSnapshot "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" snapshotName 从一个快照中恢复虚拟机
# vmrun -T ws listSnapshots "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" 列出虚拟机快照数量及名称
# vmrun -T ws deleteSnapshot "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" snapshotName 删除一个快照

有了上面的命令后就不需要每次启动虚拟机都要在windows中打开VMware来远程启动了,可以在命令行下用命令启动:

vmrun -T ws start "/var/lib/vmware/Shared VMs/CentOS7/CentOS7.vmx" nogui

至此安装完成

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zhounaifa@163.com 2019-06-24

您好!请问一下,我在centos里面安装VMware workstation pro 15 服务起不来,是什么问题? [root@localhost data]# ps -aux|grep vmware root 6423 0.0 0.0 169792 1148 ? Ssl 16:42 0:00 /usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware-vmblock-fuse -o subtype=vmware-vmblock,default_permissions,allow_other /var/run/vmblock-fuse root 6481 0.0 0.0 16824 852 ? Ss 16:42 0:00 /usr/sbin/vmware-authdlauncher root 16481 0.0 0.0 24488 1748 ? Ss 16:59 0:00 /usr/bin/vmware-usbarbitrator root 16861 0.0 0.0 9088 688 pts/0 S+ 17:01 0:00 grep --color=auto vmware [root@localhost data]# vmware-modconfig --install-status [AppLoader] GLib does not have GSettings support. vmmon: unknown vmnet: unknown vmci: unknown vsock: unknown [root@localhost data]#

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